- Category: About Lao P.D.R
- Published on 04 May 2012
Lao PDR Overview
The Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is situated in Southeast Asia, with a population of about 6 million people, and the total area of 236,800 square kilometers of which two-thirds is mountainous. The Lao PDR is a landlocked country, which shares borders with 5 countries, namely the People's Republic of China in the North, the Kingdom of Cambodia in the South, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the East, the Kingdom of Thailand in the West, and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in the North West.
The population of the Lao PDR consists of 49 ethnic groups, living scattered from the North to the South, and is classified into 4 ethno-linguistic groups, namely Lao-Tai, Mon-Khmer, Hmong-Imien, Sino-Tibetan. The multi-ethnic Lao people live in peace and harmony and enjoy solidarity and equal rights before the law.
The Lao PDR is criss-crossed with a myriad of rivers and streams. The largest is the Mekong River which is the main geographical feature in the West. In the Southern part, the Mekong River reaches a breadth of 20 kilometers, creating an area with thousands of small islands. It is estimated that 60% of the water entering the Mekong River system originates in Lao PDR. These rivers and streams provide great potential for hydropower development with 51% of the power potential in the lower Mekong basin contained within Lao PDR.
Lao PDR generally enjoys a wild tropical climate with two distinct seasons, the rainy season (May-October) and the dry season (November-April). The yearly average temperature is about 28 degrees Celsius, rising to a maximum of 38 degrees Celsius during April and May. Rainfall with the highest amount of 3,700 millimeters annually occurs in the Southern part of Laos. In Vientiane rainfall is about 1,500-2,000 millimeters, and in the Northern provinces only 1,000-1,500 millimeters.